GM Percussion Patches and Instrumentation
GM 打擊樂器音色與配器法

音樂五要素弦律和聲節奏配器曲式。 加上數位科技

Percussion 打擊樂器分組

Drum Kit 爵士鼓組

Drum kit

GM 打擊樂器配置表

General MIDI Percussion Key Map

On MIDI Channel 10, each MIDI Note number ("Key#") corresponds to a different drum sound, as shown below. GM-compatible instruments must have the sounds on the keys shown here. While many current instruments also have additional sounds above or below the range show here, and may even have additional "kits" with variations of these sounds, only these sounds are supported by General MIDI.

Key# Drum Sound              Key#    Drum Sound
35      Acoustic Bass Drum      59      Ride Cymbal 2
36      Bass Drum 1                  60      Hi Bongo
37      Side Stick                      61      Low Bongo
38      Acoustic Snare              62      Mute Hi Conga
39      Hand Clap                     63      Open Hi Conga
40      Electric Snare                64      Low Conga
41      Low Floor Tom             65      High Timbale
42      Closed Hi Hat                66      Low Timbale
43      High Floor Tom             67      High Agogo
44      Pedal Hi-Hat                  68      Low Agogo
45      Low Tom                      69      Cabasa
46      Open Hi-Hat                  70      Maracas
47      Low-Mid Tom               71      Short Whistle
48      Hi Mid Tom                   72      Long Whistle
49      Crash Cymbal 1             73      Short Guiro
50      High Tom                      74      Long Guiro
51      Ride Cymbal 1               75      Claves
52      Chinese Cymbal             76      Hi Wood Block
53      Ride Bell                        77      Low Wood Block
54      Tambourine                   78      Mute Cuica
55      Splash Cymbal               79      Open Cuica
56      Cowbell                         80      Mute Triangle
57      Crash Cymbal 2             81      Open Triangle
58      Vibraslap

GM 打擊樂器的五線譜與音色


GM 打擊樂器的音色

TX Drum Map Library for Overture 鼓譜設計


連結是使用 Overture 編曲時,統雄老師所編的常用鼓譜,提供自由下載。










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Music Aesthetics

Song Composition Theory

音樂知識美學 TX Aesthetics of Music
  音樂格律的破立    Music Grammars & Creativity
  譜曲的美學探索   Case Study on TX Music Aesthetics
Composition Theory and
Melody Analysis of Songs
歌曲賞析 Comparative Analysis of Songs
歌劇賞析:莫札特 Analysis of Operas: Mozart
歌詞創作 Verse Analysis and Composition



Aspects of Music: Art with Tech
Composition Analysis Framework
MIDI要素 Aspects of MIDI
基礎樂理 Music Grammar Basics
總譜:軟體與音源 Score of the Music: Overture and Synth
  Overture 記譜法‧頻道視窗設定     Digital Notation Methods‧Tracks Windows Settings 
  圖形視窗/琴軸檢視   Graphic Window/ Piano Roll View
  和弦視窗與和弦設定     Chords Window and Chord Input 
  歌詞視窗   Lyrics Window
  發音技巧   Articulations



Form Design
  多樂章曲式   Multi Movement Forms
  範例分析:給愛麗絲    Exam: Fur Elise  
和聲:共鳴與自然音階 Acoustic Music and Natural Scales
  調律與數位音階   Temperament and Digital Scales
  調與調式音階   Keys, Modes and Modal Scales
  顯波學與癒療音階   Cymatics, Kymatica and Medicinal  Scale
  藍調與特色調式音階   Blues and Genre Modes
  和弦分析   Chord Analysis
  代理/轉位/人聲和弦   Substitute, Inversed, Human Chords
  和弦進行提要   Chord Progression Design
  終止型與級進進行   Cadence and Stepwise Progression 
  大調/小調和弦進行   Major/ Minor Mode Chord Progression
  轉調‧藍調和弦進行   Modulation, Blues, Modal Chord Progression
  名曲和弦進行示範   Demos of Popular Works
  全曲和弦進行綜合設計與實作    Total Chord Progression Design and Practice 
  對位    Counterpoint Design
節奏/4拍 Rhythm Analysis and Design/ 4-Beat
   3拍/2拍/混合拍   3-Beat, 2-Beat, Fusion 
  節奏模組,節奏動感搖梗    Rhythm Patterns, Groove Rhythm 
  全曲節奏綜合設計與實作   Total Rhythm Design and Practice 
配器 Instrument Arrangement
  數位樂器   Digital Instruments
  音階樂器與 GM   Melodic Instruments and GM Patches
  打擊樂器與 GM   Percussion and General MIDI Patches
   TX 結構意涵取向配器法   TX Structural-Contextual Approach Instrumentation 
  創意配器:民族樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Ethnic
  創意配器:中華樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Chinese
  創意配器:中華現代樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Modern Chinese
  創意配器:演化樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Evolving
  創意配器:變身樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Transforming
  人聲樂器:聲樂   Vocal Instrumentation
  人聲樂器的變化   Variants of Vocal/ Human Voices
  全曲配器綜合設計與實作    Total Instrumentation Design and Practice 
襯音、即興與變奏 Fill in and ad lib Design
編曲收成與輔奏 Finishing up: Prelude, Interlude, Postlude
  編曲收成與輔奏綜合設計與實作    Total Finishing up Design and Practice
變格作曲與變格編曲 Alternative Composition Theory and Arrangement Methods 
演奏/創意與詮釋 Performance/Creative & Interpretive
音樂流派的知識分類法 Methodology for Genres Taxonomy
流派-音樂分佈圖/展示 Genre- Music Map/Demo

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MIDI Production

Sonar 設定 Sonar Settings
錄音與後製-Midi Midi Editing & Post Production- Midi Notes
合成/轉化/輸出音軌 Bounce and Export
錄音與後製-數位聲音 Wave Editing & Post Production- Digital Audio
混音自動化 Mixing and Automation
等化與雜訊處理 Equalization
特效 Special Effect Featuring
總控與輸出 Mastering and Converting Output


Demo & Exercise

統雄作品選 Selection of Sean TX Wu's Work
相逢 Encounter
媽媽的愛心 Mother's Love




Music and Culture, Science, Information Technology
音樂創作研究科學方法 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition
音樂創作知識管理 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition by Information Technology


Digital Sound Effect

光碟標籤與包裝設計 Design of CD's Label and Package


Lab and Activities

臺大數位音樂實驗室 NTU Midi Lab
   實驗室發展歷程    Chronicle of NTU Midi Lab
吳統雄數位音樂 研究目錄 Listing of Research Papers by Sean TX Wu
吳統雄數位音樂作品目錄 Listing of Digital Music Works by Sean TX Wu