樂器發音技巧

‧Tenuto. Use this symbol to indicate a pressure accent.

‧Staccato. Use this symbol to indicate a short, light accent.

‧Staccatissimo. Use this symbol for exaggerated staccato. This marking indicates a stronger effect than simple staccato, though is still a light accent.

‧Marcato. Use this symbol for moderate accents. This is stronger than a Staccatissimo.

‧Marcato with staccato. Use this symbol for short, moderate accents.

‧Sforzando. Use this symbol for heavy accents. This is stronger than a Marcato.

‧Inverted Sforzando. This symbol has the same effect as the Sforzando, but is used below notes.

‧Sforzando with staccato. Use this symbol for very strong, short, percussive accents (hammered). This is stronger than a Sforzando.

‧Inverted Sforzando w/staccato. This symbol has the same effect as the Sforzando w/staccato, but is used below notes.

‧Heavy Attack/Full Duration. Use this symbol for very strong, full duration accents. This is stronger than Sforzando w/staccato.

‧Heavier Attack/Full Duration. Use this symbol for excessively strong, full duration accents. This is the strongest accent.

‧Down Bow. Use this symbol in string notation to indicate down bows.

‧Inverted Down Bow. This symbol has the same effect as the Down Bow, but is used below notes.

‧Up Bow. Use this symbol in string notation to indicate up bows.

‧Inverted Up Bow. This symbol has the same effect as the Up Bow, but is used below notes.

‧Natural Harmonic. Use this symbol to indicate that the note is to be played as a natural harmonic.

‧Artificial Harmonic. Use this symbol to indicate that the note is to be played as an artificial harmonic. changing nut position with the first finger while holding harmonic with the fourth finger.

‧Plus. Use this symbol with different instruments to indicate different articulation effects. For example, use this symbol with woodwinds to indicate notes are to be played with a key click; use it with brass to indicate hand stopping; use it with strings to indicate pizzicato notes played with the left hand; or use it in jazz scores to indicate a du.

Tremolo 1. : eighth note tremolo. 16-32-64

‧Down Pedal. In piano depression of the damper pedal.

‧Up Pedal. release of the damper pedal.

‧Toe Pedal. in organ

‧Heel Pedal. in organ

‧Toe-to-Heel. Use this symbol in organ notation to indicate switching from toe to heel.

‧Heel-to-Toe. Use this symbol in organ notation to indicate switching from heel to toe.

‧Pause (Comma). Use this symbol to indicate a very brief pause (such as the length of a breath).

‧Grand Pause (Caesura). Use this symbol to indicate a pause at the end of a long phrase or section. This marking indicates a longer pause than a comma. Convention dictates that you always place a pause through the top space of a staff.

‧Fermata. Use this symbol to indicate a long held note or a long pause. You can also double-click any Fermata symbol that is not attached to a note, to open the Fermata Settings dialog box.

‧Inverted Fermata. This symbol has the same effect as a Fermata, but is used below notes. You can also double-click any Fermata symbol that is not attached to a note, to open the Fermata Settings dialog box.

‧Arpeggio. Use this symbol next to a chord to indicate an arpeggio.

noteFor Overture

With the exception of the four Tremolo tools, no symbols inserted with any of the articulation tools affect MIDI playback. (?- Down and Up do)

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