Sonar 設定

Why Sonar?

A choice of value ratio (Rating/ Price).


Set up MIDI devices

Midi signals need to output to a synth to produce sounds.

There are two types of synths:

Stand-alone: such as Yamaha, Roland Canvas, MS GS...,that work on the OS of computers.

Plug-in: such as TTS-1, and other VSTi, DXi..., that require a host application such as a sequencer to run it.

note Device with External Audio Card

note Device without External Audio Card

>Options >Midi Devices

In this case, you need to output to a stand-alone synth.

Yamaha XG is a stand-alone SoftSynth, not a plug-in synth.


>Options >Instruments

I leave it default, supposed it is Yamaha XG

Audio Options

>Options >Audio...


SoundMAX is my Audio card

note For CD quality and web use

note For Professional postproduction use ONLY

However, it is not supported by most of PC sound cards, this setting may cause problems.

TxWarn Warning: Sampling Rate

If the audio engine stops running, set the sampling rate back to "44100"- It is very tricky!

The 'System Wave" files have to be 44.1k rate, however, it is OK to "export" 48k rate wave files.

Check '64-bit' for high performance PC.

Wave Profiler

TX advanced topics Advanced

note Higher PC performance and with external audio interface

note Lower PC performance


Project Options


Midi Output


User Interface

Arrangement of toolbars

Command Menu


Default is the best choice. If the menu is changed by system, come back here to redo.

However, you may use 'Menu Editor' to personalize your own menu.

Using Soft Synths

Insert Synths

It will automatically produce a synth track at the bottom.


First output is a simple way. All midi tracks go to one synth to output audio.

You may use folder and all (4) outputs.

Synths Page (View)

>System >Option

Set Up Output

Choose synths at the 'Output' at first track

Quick procedure for all tracks:

Cursor stays at 'Output'

- + <Down Arrow> (goes to the next, automatically)

- + <Enter> (open manu)

- choose synth

Bank/ Patch

Click 'Bank' or use 'Track Properties' to set up bank, otherwise, it will be default 'none'.

You may use:

>Insert > Bank/Patch Change

to change to another bank in the middle of a track.

It is the same for patch.

Vst/Dxi: Experience and Comments

Session Drummer

Much real. However, it is not so solid/firm after mastering.

Series of "Room" produce more echo, while "Dry" in on the contrarary.

Windows Volume Control

A very tricky setting.


The volume of playback must be under 50 %.


I use Overture (a score software) to compose midi files.
Then I import midi files into Sonar to mix it and output it to Yamaha XG and want Sonar converts the midi tracks to audio track.
So, I use SoundMAX to record the output from the Yamaha.

The volume of playback must be under 25 %.

If no playback

The OS may close the 'SW Synth' automatically.

txa Advanced Resources 

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Music Aesthetics

Song Composition Theory

音樂知識美學 TX Aesthetics of Music
  音樂格律的破立    Music Grammars & Creativity
  譜曲的美學探索   Case Study on TX Music Aesthetics
Composition Theory and
Melody Analysis of Songs
歌曲賞析 Comparative Analysis of Songs
歌劇賞析:莫札特 Analysis of Operas: Mozart
歌詞創作 Verse Analysis and Composition



Aspects of Music: Art with Tech
Composition Analysis Framework
MIDI要素 Aspects of MIDI
基礎樂理 Music Grammar Basics
總譜:軟體與音源 Score of the Music: Overture and Synth
  Overture 記譜法‧頻道視窗設定     Digital Notation Methods‧Tracks Windows Settings 
  圖形視窗/琴軸檢視   Graphic Window/ Piano Roll View
  和弦視窗與和弦設定     Chords Window and Chord Input 
  歌詞視窗   Lyrics Window
  發音技巧   Articulations



Form Design
  多樂章曲式   Multi Movement Forms
  範例分析:給愛麗絲    Exam: Fur Elise  
和聲:共鳴與自然音階 Acoustic Music and Natural Scales
  調律與數位音階   Temperament and Digital Scales
  調與調式音階   Keys, Modes and Modal Scales
  顯波學與癒療音階   Cymatics, Kymatica and Medicinal  Scale
  藍調與特色調式音階   Blues and Genre Modes
  和弦分析   Chord Analysis
  代理/轉位/人聲和弦   Substitute, Inversed, Human Chords
  和弦進行提要   Chord Progression Design
  終止型與級進進行   Cadence and Stepwise Progression 
  大調/小調和弦進行   Major/ Minor Mode Chord Progression
  轉調‧藍調和弦進行   Modulation, Blues, Modal Chord Progression
  名曲和弦進行示範   Demos of Popular Works
  全曲和弦進行綜合設計與實作    Total Chord Progression Design and Practice 
  對位    Counterpoint Design
節奏/4拍 Rhythm Analysis and Design/ 4-Beat
   3拍/2拍/混合拍   3-Beat, 2-Beat, Fusion 
  節奏模組,節奏動感搖梗    Rhythm Patterns, Groove Rhythm 
  全曲節奏綜合設計與實作   Total Rhythm Design and Practice 
配器 Instrument Arrangement
  數位樂器   Digital Instruments
  音階樂器與 GM   Melodic Instruments and GM Patches
  打擊樂器與 GM   Percussion and General MIDI Patches
   TX 結構意涵取向配器法   TX Structural-Contextual Approach Instrumentation 
  創意配器:民族樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Ethnic
  創意配器:中華樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Chinese
  創意配器:中華現代樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Modern Chinese
  創意配器:演化樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Evolving
  創意配器:變身樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Transforming
  人聲樂器:聲樂   Vocal Instrumentation
  人聲樂器的變化   Variants of Vocal/ Human Voices
  全曲配器綜合設計與實作    Total Instrumentation Design and Practice 
襯音、即興與變奏 Fill in and ad lib Design
編曲收成與輔奏 Finishing up: Prelude, Interlude, Postlude
  編曲收成與輔奏綜合設計與實作    Total Finishing up Design and Practice
變格作曲與變格編曲 Alternative Composition Theory and Arrangement Methods 
演奏/創意與詮釋 Performance/Creative & Interpretive
音樂流派的知識分類法 Methodology for Genres Taxonomy
流派-音樂分佈圖/展示 Genre- Music Map/Demo

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MIDI Production

Sonar 設定 Sonar Settings
錄音與後製-Midi Midi Editing & Post Production- Midi Notes
合成/轉化/輸出音軌 Bounce and Export
錄音與後製-數位聲音 Wave Editing & Post Production- Digital Audio
混音自動化 Mixing and Automation
等化與雜訊處理 Equalization
特效 Special Effect Featuring
總控與輸出 Mastering and Converting Output


Demo & Exercise

統雄作品選 Selection of Sean TX Wu's Work
相逢 Encounter
媽媽的愛心 Mother's Love




Music and Culture, Science, Information Technology
音樂創作研究科學方法 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition
音樂創作知識管理 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition by Information Technology


Digital Sound Effect

光碟標籤與包裝設計 Design of CD's Label and Package


Lab and Activities

臺大數位音樂實驗室 NTU Midi Lab
   實驗室發展歷程    Chronicle of NTU Midi Lab
吳統雄數位音樂 研究目錄 Listing of Research Papers by Sean TX Wu
吳統雄數位音樂作品目錄 Listing of Digital Music Works by Sean TX Wu