數位音訊編輯

Recording Digital Audio

To record digital audio, you need some sort of device hooked up to your sound card's line or mic input--an electric guitar, a preamp, or a mixer, for example. If nothing else, try playing or singing into a microphone!

Setting the Sampling Rate

Setting the Audio Driver Bit Depth

Setting the File Bit Depth

Vocal Recording

S/PDIF: Sony, Philip Digital Interface : good for fiber transmission.

With profession vocal mic: Remember to add on 48V power.


Setting Up an Audio Track

Set up the metronome

With metronome bar

Keep the 'Playback' and 'Use MIDI Note' off. The default is on.

With command bar

>Options >Project

It is for using add-on Midi device with synths, such as Yamaha GX.

Insert Audio Track

note Sonar 7

Output to external audio interface, the default is 1-2.

Before Sonar 7

Volume meters are at left bottom. The left is the playback fader (the same as Vol. control beneath the track 12) and the right is the recording meter that also may appear at the right side .

Right click on the meter will find the properties.

Volume Trim is beneath Vol. control.

Checking the Input Levels

Recording Digital Audio

Listening to the Recording

Recording Another Take

Input Monitoring

Loop and Punch-In Recording

Recording Multiple Channels Importing wave files

Dragging and looping clips


Converting MIDI to Audio: Internal Recording

You may skip this section and go to the next topic, if you are using soft synths, such as Cakewalk TTS-1 to bounce the wav files

  1. Pick a destination audio track (or create a new one) and set the Input field to Stereo (name of your sound card). If you have more than one sound card installed, select the one that has the built-in synth that your MIDI tracks use.
  2. Arm the destination track. Make sure its Input Echo button is off, so you won't hear an echo when you're recording.
  3. Mute or archive any tracks that you don't want to record to the destination track.
  4. If metronome is set to use any software synth to produce a click, disable the metronome during recording option in the Project Options dialog box. To do this, select Options-Project to open the Project Options dialog box, select the Metronome tab and uncheck Recording in the General section. Alternatively, you could set the metronome to use the audio metronome and not use a MIDI note.
  5. Open your sound card's mixer device. This is normally done by double-clicking the speaker icon on your Windows taskbar, or by choosing Start-Programs-Accessories-Entertainment-Volume Control-Options-Properties. Some sound cards have their own proprietary mixer. If yours has one, please use it instead.
  6. If you're using the Windows mixer, use its Options-Properties command to open the Properties dialog box, click Recording (in the Adjust Volume For field), and make sure all boxes in the Show the Following Volume Controls field are checked.
  7. Click OK, it will go to 'Record Control' and locate the slider marked 'Record Master' ( it also could be MIDI, Synth, Mixed Input, or What You Hear.) Check the Select box at the bottom, then close the window.
  8. Close any application that may produce an unexpected sound such as a notice from email software.
  9. Rewind to the beginning of your project, click the Record button, and click the Stop button when you're done recording.
  10. Leave more space, say 5 more measures, for the ending. For software's internal reason, the audio track may be longer than the MIDI tracks.

It records all the MIDI tracks that are assigned to your sound card synth as a stereo audio track.

After you finish recording, mute the MIDI tracks that you just recorded so you don't hear them and the new audio track at the same time.

Audio Track

Properties

Audio tracks use SoundMAX to input and output. Track 12 is a new track.

Arm to record

Press [R]

warning If the volume is bleeding, you have to adjust Windows Volume Control.

Volume Bleeding

Track 11 is normal while track 12 is bleeding.


Wave Post-Production

Remove silence

'Remove silence' cleans the noise before an audio clip and conserves the file size.

Check the loudness level of the the real begging  of  the clip as the red square.

The changes of the loudness level will be shown at the red circles.

>Process >Audio >Remove Silence

Open level is the most important setting. The default is -48, and the highest I have ever tried is -30.

Check 'Split Clips' to conserve file size.

Slip editing

Leave a short blank before the audio clips.

Use 'Snap to grid' and check 'move to' to place the audio clip near the desired measure or beat.

Use 'Slip editing' tool to trim the blank.

Use 'Click and Drag' to move the clip to the desired measure or beat.

Fade

Select the active track.

>Process >Audio >Fade/Envelop

Select the active track.

Chose the shape of the fade.

Use pencil icon (move to the dots) to modify the curve.

Click 'OK' then the waveform will change to the new faded shape.

Automatic crossfades

Select two active tracks.

>Process >Audio >Crossfades

Click either of the 2 tracks to define fade-out or fade-in. The other track will automatic react to the first one accordingly.

Audio Effect

Go the target audio track and Right click >Insert Effects

>Audio Effects

Choose a plug-in.

FxReverb is the most choice. An "FX" will appear on the left top of the track (as the red arrow points) and the "Preset window will also appear.

Otherwise, you may right click at the "FX bin" of the console (as the following figure) to do the same thing.

Choose one of the preset and click the "play" button to listen.

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Export and Save

Exports wav file

You want to fill in the 'file info' before you export wav file, especially for broadcast wav file.

You must follow the CD audio standards of sample rate and bit depth, otherwise, you may encounter problem when you want to convert this wav file to mp3 file.

Exports mp3 file

You may export your work directly to mp3 file, if the encoder is embedded. Otherwise, you need another converter such as CDex.

There are other compress format such as Yamaha SoundVQ (.vqf), however, mp3 will be the first choice.


Save project file

Change the default path to your specific project folder instead of the system automatic folder.

Save bundle file

It is a safe way to keep your works, if you are not very sure about the path structure.

Achieve files

It is a good idea to save the CPU load.

Task Manager


TX advanced topics Advanced

Editing Notes in different View

Console View

Lock of the 2 channels

Equalization

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同類別內相關主題

音樂美學

詞曲創作理論

Music Aesthetics

Song Composition Theory

音樂知識美學 TX Aesthetics of Music
  音樂格律的破立    Music Grammars & Creativity
  譜曲的美學探索   Case Study on TX Music Aesthetics
歌曲創作理論與
弦律分析
Composition Theory and
Melody Analysis of Songs
歌曲賞析 Comparative Analysis of Songs
歌劇賞析:莫札特 Analysis of Operas: Mozart
歌詞創作 Verse Analysis and Composition

樂理基礎

Fundaments

音樂要素/藝術與科技
創作分析架構
Aspects of Music: Art with Tech
Composition Analysis Framework
MIDI要素 Aspects of MIDI
基礎樂理 Music Grammar Basics
總譜:軟體與音源 Score of the Music: Overture and Synth
  Overture 記譜法‧頻道視窗設定     Digital Notation Methods‧Tracks Windows Settings 
  圖形視窗/琴軸檢視   Graphic Window/ Piano Roll View
  和弦視窗與和弦設定     Chords Window and Chord Input 
  歌詞視窗   Lyrics Window
  發音技巧   Articulations

編曲

Arrangement

曲式
Form Design
  多樂章曲式   Multi Movement Forms
  範例分析:給愛麗絲    Exam: Fur Elise  
和聲:共鳴與自然音階 Acoustic Music and Natural Scales
  調律與數位音階   Temperament and Digital Scales
  調與調式音階   Keys, Modes and Modal Scales
  顯波學與癒療音階   Cymatics, Kymatica and Medicinal  Scale
  藍調與特色調式音階   Blues and Genre Modes
  和弦分析   Chord Analysis
  代理/轉位/人聲和弦   Substitute, Inversed, Human Chords
  和弦進行提要   Chord Progression Design
  終止型與級進進行   Cadence and Stepwise Progression 
  大調/小調和弦進行   Major/ Minor Mode Chord Progression
  轉調‧藍調和弦進行   Modulation, Blues, Modal Chord Progression
  名曲和弦進行示範   Demos of Popular Works
  全曲和弦進行綜合設計與實作    Total Chord Progression Design and Practice 
  對位    Counterpoint Design
節奏/4拍 Rhythm Analysis and Design/ 4-Beat
   3拍/2拍/混合拍   3-Beat, 2-Beat, Fusion 
  節奏模組,節奏動感搖梗    Rhythm Patterns, Groove Rhythm 
  全曲節奏綜合設計與實作   Total Rhythm Design and Practice 
配器 Instrument Arrangement
  數位樂器   Digital Instruments
  音階樂器與 GM   Melodic Instruments and GM Patches
  打擊樂器與 GM   Percussion and General MIDI Patches
   TX 結構意涵取向配器法   TX Structural-Contextual Approach Instrumentation 
  創意配器:民族樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Ethnic
  創意配器:中華樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Chinese
  創意配器:中華現代樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Modern Chinese
  創意配器:演化樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Evolving
  創意配器:變身樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Transforming
  人聲樂器:聲樂   Vocal Instrumentation
  人聲樂器的變化   Variants of Vocal/ Human Voices
  全曲配器綜合設計與實作    Total Instrumentation Design and Practice 
襯音、即興與變奏 Fill in and ad lib Design
編曲收成與輔奏 Finishing up: Prelude, Interlude, Postlude
  編曲收成與輔奏綜合設計與實作    Total Finishing up Design and Practice
變格作曲與變格編曲 Alternative Composition Theory and Arrangement Methods 
演奏/創意與詮釋 Performance/Creative & Interpretive
音樂流派的知識分類法 Methodology for Genres Taxonomy
流派-音樂分佈圖/展示 Genre- Music Map/Demo

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MIDI製作

MIDI Production

Sonar 設定 Sonar Settings
錄音與後製-Midi Midi Editing & Post Production- Midi Notes
合成/轉化/輸出音軌 Bounce and Export
錄音與後製-數位聲音 Wave Editing & Post Production- Digital Audio
混音自動化 Mixing and Automation
等化與雜訊處理 Equalization
特效 Special Effect Featuring
總控與輸出 Mastering and Converting Output

範例練習

Demo & Exercise

統雄作品選 Selection of Sean TX Wu's Work
相逢 Encounter
媽媽的愛心 Mother's Love

進階論題

音樂與文化,科學,資訊科技

Advanced

Music and Culture, Science, Information Technology
音樂創作研究科學方法 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition
音樂創作知識管理 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition by Information Technology

數位音效

Digital Sound Effect

光碟標籤與包裝設計 Design of CD's Label and Package

實作與活動

Lab and Activities

臺大數位音樂實驗室 NTU Midi Lab
   實驗室發展歷程    Chronicle of NTU Midi Lab
吳統雄數位音樂 研究目錄 Listing of Research Papers by Sean TX Wu
吳統雄數位音樂作品目錄 Listing of Digital Music Works by Sean TX Wu